Seunghun Lee (이승훈), Inscribable order types

We call an order type inscribable if it is realized by a point configuration where all extreme points are all on a circle. In this talk, we investigate inscribability of order types. We first show that every simple order type with at most 2 interior points is inscribable, and that the number of such order types is $\Theta(\frac{4^n}{n^{3/2}})$. We further construct an infinite family of minimally uninscribable order types. The proof of uninscribability mainly uses Möbius transformations. We also suggest open problems around inscribability. This is a joint work with Michael Gene Dobbins.

Seunghun Lee (이승훈) gave a talk on the transversal number and the chromatic number of hypergraphs consisting of facets of a simplicial sphere at the Discrete Math Seminar

On January 4, 2022, Seunghun Lee (이승훈) from the Binghamton University gave a talk at the Discrete Math Seminar on the transversal number and the chromatic number of hypergraphs whose edges are facets of a simplicial sphere. The title of his talk was “Transversals and colorings of simplicial spheres“.

Seunghun Lee (이승훈), Transversals and colorings of simplicial spheres

Motivated from the surrounding property of a point set in $\mathbb{R}^d$ introduced by Holmsen, Pach and Tverberg, we consider the transversal number and chromatic number of a simplicial sphere. As an attempt to give a lower bound for the maximum transversal ratio of simplicial $d$-spheres, we provide two infinite constructions. The first construction gives infinitely many $(d+1)$-dimensional simplicial polytopes with the transversal ratio exactly $\frac{2}{d+2}$ for every $d\geq 2$. In the case of $d=2$, this meets the previously well-known upper bound $1/2$ tightly. The second gives infinitely many simplicial 3-spheres with the transversal ratio greater than $1/2$. This was unexpected from what was previously known about the surrounding property. Moreover, we show that, for $d\geq 3$, the facet hypergraph $\mathcal{F}(\mathbf{P})$ of a $(d+1)$-dimensional simplicial polytope $\mathbf{P}$ has the chromatic number $\chi(\mathcal{F}(\mathbf{P})) \in O(n^{\frac{\lceil d/2\rceil-1}{d}})$, where $n$ is the number of vertices of $\mathbf{P}$. This slightly improves the upper bound previously obtained by Heise, Panagiotou, Pikhurko, and Taraz. This is a joint work with Joseph Briggs and Michael Gene Dobbins.

Seunghun Lee (이승훈) gave a talk on the complexes of subgraphs having no large matching at the Discrete Math Seminar

On April 28, 2020, Seunghun Lee (이승훈) from KAIST presented a talk on the topological property of the non-matching complex, that is a simplicial complex consisting of subgraphs on the same vertex set having no matching of size k and its application to the rainbow matching problem of graphs. The title of his talk is “Leray numbers of complexes of graphs with bounded matching number“.

Seunghun Lee (이승훈), Leray numbers of complexes of graphs with bounded matching number

Given a graph $G$ on the vertex set $V$, the non-matching complex of $G$, $\mathsf{NM}_k(G)$, is the family of subgraphs $G’ \subset G$ whose matching number $\nu(G’)$ is strictly less than $k$. As an attempt to generalize the result by Linusson, Shareshian and Welker on the homotopy types of $\mathsf{NM}_k(K_n)$ and $\mathsf{NM}_k(K_{r,s})$ to arbitrary graphs $G$, we show that (i) $\mathsf{NM}_k(G)$ is $(3k-3)$-Leray, and (ii) if $G$ is bipartite, then $\mathsf{NM}_k(G)$ is $(2k-2)$-Leray. This result is obtained by analyzing the homology of the links of non-empty faces of the complex $\mathsf{NM}_k(G)$, which vanishes in all dimensions $d\geq 3k-4$, and all dimensions $d \geq 2k-3$ when $G$ is bipartite. As a corollary, we have the following rainbow matching theorem which generalizes the result by Aharoni et. al. and Drisko’s theorem: Let $E_1, \dots, E_{3k-2}$ be non-empty edge subsets of a graph and suppose that $\nu(E_i\cup E_j)\geq k$ for every $i\ne j$. Then $E=\bigcup E_i$ has a rainbow matching of size $k$. Furthermore, the number of edge sets $E_i$ can be reduced to $2k-1$ when $E$ is the edge set of a bipartite graph.

This is a joint work with Andreas Holmsen.

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