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# Seunghun Lee (이승훈), Transversals and colorings of simplicial spheres

## Tuesday, January 4, 2022 @ 4:30 PM - 5:30 PM KST

Motivated from the surrounding property of a point set in $\mathbb{R}^d$ introduced by Holmsen, Pach and Tverberg, we consider the transversal number and chromatic number of a simplicial sphere. As an attempt to give a lower bound for the maximum transversal ratio of simplicial $d$-spheres, we provide two infinite constructions. The first construction gives infinitely many $(d+1)$-dimensional simplicial polytopes with the transversal ratio exactly $\frac{2}{d+2}$ for every $d\geq 2$. In the case of $d=2$, this meets the previously well-known upper bound $1/2$ tightly. The second gives infinitely many simplicial 3-spheres with the transversal ratio greater than $1/2$. This was unexpected from what was previously known about the surrounding property. Moreover, we show that, for $d\geq 3$, the facet hypergraph $\mathcal{F}(\mathbf{P})$ of a $(d+1)$-dimensional simplicial polytope $\mathbf{P}$ has the chromatic number $\chi(\mathcal{F}(\mathbf{P})) \in O(n^{\frac{\lceil d/2\rceil-1}{d}})$, where $n$ is the number of vertices of $\mathbf{P}$. This slightly improves the upper bound previously obtained by Heise, Panagiotou, Pikhurko, and Taraz. This is a joint work with Joseph Briggs and Michael Gene Dobbins.