On May 28, 2024, Yongho Shin (신용호) from Yonsei University gave a talk at the Discrete Math Seminar on an online randomized algorithm using three-way online correlated selection for an edge-weighted online bipartite matching problem. His talk title was “Three-way online correlated selection.”

## Yongho Shin (신용호), Three-way online correlated selection

Two-way online correlated selection (two-way OCS) is an online algorithm that, at each timestep, takes a pair of elements from the ground set and irrevocably chooses one of the two elements, while ensuring negative correlation in the algorithm’s choices. OCS was initially invented by Fahrbach, Huang, Tao, and Zadimoghaddam (FOCS 2020, JACM 2022) to break a natural long-standing barrier in edge-weighted online bipartite matching. They posed two open questions, one of which was the following: Can we obtain n-way OCS for $n >2$, in which the algorithm can be given $n >2$ elements to choose from at each timestep?

In this talk, we affirmatively answer this open question by presenting a three-way OCS which is simple to describe: it internally runs two instances of two-way OCS, one of which is fed with the output of the other. Contrast to its simple construction, we face a new challenge in analysis that the final output probability distribution of our three-way OCS is highly elusive since it requires the actual output distribution of two-way OCS. We show how we tackle this challenge by approximating the output distribution of two-way OCS by a flatter distribution serving as a safe surrogate.

This is joint work with Hyung-Chan An.