Eun-Kyung Cho (조은경) gave a talk on the problem of decomposing a graph into a d-degenerate graph and a graph of bounded maximum degree at the Discrete Math Seminar

On March 3, 2020, Eun-Kyung Cho (조은경) from Hankuk University of Foreign Studies presented a talk on the existence of a decomposition of a planar graph into two edge-disjoint subgraphs, one of which is d-degenerate and the other has maximum degree at most h at the discrete math seminar. The title of her talk was “Decomposition of a planar graph into a d-degenerate graph and a graph with maximum degree at most h“. She will visit the IBS discrete math group until March 6.

Eun-Kyung Cho (조은경), Decomposition of a planar graph into a $d$-degenerate graph and a graph with maximum degree at most $h$

Given a graph $G$, a decomposition of $G$ is a collection of spanning subgraphs $H_1, \ldots, H_t$ of $G$ such that each edge of $G$ is an edge of $H_i$ for exactly one $i \in \{1, \ldots, t\}$. Given a positive integer $d$, a graph is said to be $d$-degenerate if every subgraph of it has a vertex of degree at most $d$. Given a non-negative integer $h$, we say that a graph $G$ is $(d,h)$-decomposable if there is a decomposition of $G$ into two spanning subgraphs, where one is a $d$-degenerate graph, and the other is a graph with maximum degree at most $h$.

It is known that a planar graph is $5$-degenerate, but not always $4$-degenerate. This implies that a planar graph is $(5,0)$-decomposable, but not always $(4,0)$-decomposable. Moreover, by related previous results, it is known that a planar graph is $(3,4)$- and $(2,8)$-decomposable.

In this talk, we improve these results by showing that every planar graph is $(4,1)$-, $(3,2)$-, and $(2,6)$-decomposable. The $(4,1)$- and $(3,2)$-decomposabilities are sharp in the sense that the maximum degree condition cannot be reduced more.

This is joint work with Ilkyoo Choi, Ringi Kim, Boram Park, Tingting Shan, and Xuding Zhu.