Chong Shangguan (上官冲), The hat guessing number of graphs

Consider the following hat guessing game: $n$ players are placed on $n$ vertices of a graph, each wearing a hat whose color is arbitrarily chosen from a set of $q$ possible colors. Each player can see the hat colors of his neighbors, but not his own hat color. All of the players are asked to guess their own hat colors simultaneously, according to a predetermined guessing strategy and the hat colors they see, where no communication between them is allowed. Given a graph $G$, its hat guessing number $HG(G)$ is the largest integer $q$ such that there exists a guessing strategy guaranteeing at least one correct guess for any hat assignment of $q$ possible colors.

In 2008, Butler, Hajiaghayi, Kleinberg, and Leighton asked whether the hat guessing number of the complete bipartite graph $K_{n,n}$ is at least some fixed positive (fractional) power of $n$. We answer this question affirmatively, showing that for sufficiently large $n$, $HG(K_{n,n})\ge n^{0.5-o(1)}$. Our guessing strategy is based on some ideas from coding theory and probabilistic method.

Based on a joint work with Noga Alon, Omri Ben-Eliezer, and Itzhak Tamo.

Chong Shangguan (上官冲), On the sparse hypergraph problem of Brown, Erdős and Sós

For fixed integers $r\ge 3, e\ge 3$, and $v\ge r+1$, let $f_r(n,v,e)$ denote the maximum number of edges in an $n$-vertex $r$-uniform hypergraph in which the union of arbitrary $e$ distinct edges contains at least $v+1$ vertices. In 1973, Brown, Erdős and Sós initiated the study of the function $f_r(n,v,e)$ and they proved that $\Omega(n^{\frac{er-v}{e-1}})=f_r(n,v,e)=O(n^{\lceil\frac{er-v}{e-1}\rceil})$. We will survey the state-of-art results about the study of $f_r(n,er-(e-1)k+1,e)$ and $f_r(n,er-(e-1)k,e)$, where $r>k\ge 2$ and $e\ge 3$. Although these two functions have been extensively studied, many interesting questions remain open.

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