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Sebastian Wiederrecht, Excluding single-crossing matching minors in bipartite graphs

November 15 Tuesday @ 4:30 PM - 5:30 PM KST

Room B332, IBS (기초과학연구원)

Speaker

Sebastian Wiederrecht
IBS Discrete Mathematics Group
https://www.wiederrecht.com

By a seminal result of Valiant, computing the permanent of (0, 1)-matrices is, in general, #P-hard. In 1913 Pólya asked for which (0, 1)-matrices A it is possible to change some signs such that the permanent of A equals the determinant of the resulting matrix. In 1975, Little showed these matrices to be exactly the biadjacency matrices of bipartite graphs excluding $K_{3,3}$ as a matching minor. This was turned into a polynomial time algorithm by McCuaig, Robertson, Seymour, and Thomas in 1999. However, the relation between the exclusion of some matching minor in a bipartite graph and the tractability of the permanent extends beyond K3,3. Recently it was shown that the exclusion of any planar bipartite graph as a matching minor yields a class of bipartite graphs on which the permanent of the corresponding (0, 1)-matrices can be computed efficiently.

In this paper we unify the two results above into a single, more general result in the style of the celebrated structure theorem for single-crossing minor-free graphs. We identify a class of bipartite graphs strictly generalising planar bipartite graphs and $K_{3,3}$ which includes infinitely many non-Pfaffian graphs. The exclusion of any member of this class as a matching minor yields a structure that allows for the efficient evaluation of the permanent. Moreover, we show that the evaluation of the permanent remains #P-hard on bipartite graphs which exclude $K_{5,5}$ as a matching minor. This establishes a first computational lower bound for the problem of counting perfect matchings on matching minor closed classes. As another application of our structure theorem, we obtain a strict generalisation of the algorithm for the k-vertex disjoint directed paths problem on digraphs of bounded directed treewidth.

This is joint work with Archontia Giannopoulou and Dimitrios Thilikos.

Details

Date:
November 15 Tuesday
Time:
4:30 PM - 5:30 PM KST
Event Category:
Event Tags:

Venue

Room B332
IBS (기초과학연구원) + Google Map

Organizer

Sang-il Oum (엄상일)
View Organizer Website
IBS 이산수학그룹 Discrete Mathematics Group
기초과학연구원 수리및계산과학연구단 이산수학그룹
대전 유성구 엑스포로 55 (우) 34126
IBS Discrete Mathematics Group (DIMAG)
Institute for Basic Science (IBS)
55 Expo-ro Yuseong-gu Daejeon 34126 South Korea
E-mail: dimag@ibs.re.kr, Fax: +82-42-878-9209
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