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Kevin Hendrey, Extremal functions for sparse minors
Tuesday, September 28, 2021 @ 4:30 PM - 5:30 PM KST
The extremal function $c(H)$ of a graph $H$ is the supremum of densities of graphs not containing $H$ as a minor, where the density of a graph is the ratio of the number of edges to the number of vertices. Myers and Thomason (2005), Norin, Reed, Thomason and Wood (2020), and Thomason and Wales (2019) determined the asymptotic behaviour of $c(H)$ for all polynomially dense graphs $H$, as well as almost all graphs of constant density. We explore the asymptotic behavior of the extremal function in the regime not covered by the above results, where in addition to having constant density the graph $H$ is in a graph class admitting strongly sublinear separators. We establish asymptotically tight bounds in many cases. For example, we prove that for every planar graph $H$, \[c(H) = (1+o(1))\max (v(H)/2, v(H)-\alpha(H)),\] extending recent results of Haslegrave, Kim and Liu (2020). Joint work with Sergey Norin and David R. Wood.