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Maya Sankar, Homotopy and the Homomorphism Threshold of Odd Cycles

Thursday, December 15, 2022 @ 10:00 AM - 11:00 AM KST

Zoom ID: 224 221 2686 (ibsecopro)

Fix $r \ge 2$ and consider a family F of $C_{2r+1}$-free graphs, each having minimum degree linear in its number of vertices. Such a family is known to have bounded chromatic number; equivalently, each graph in F is homomorphic to a complete graph of bounded size. We disprove the analogous statement for homomorphic images that are themselves $C_{2r+1}$-free. Specifically, we construct a family of dense $C_{2r+1}$-free graphs with no $C_{2r+1}$-free homomorphic image of bounded size. This provides the first nontrivial lower bound on the homomorphism threshold of longer odd cycles and answers a question of Ebsen and Schacht.

Our proof relies on a graph-theoretic analogue of homotopy equivalence, which allows us to analyze the relative placement of odd closed walks in a graph. This notion has surprising connections to the neighborhood complex, and opens many further interesting questions.


Thursday, December 15, 2022
10:00 AM - 11:00 AM KST
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Zoom ID: 224 221 2686 (ibsecopro)


Joonkyung Lee (이준경)
IBS 이산수학그룹 Discrete Mathematics Group
기초과학연구원 수리및계산과학연구단 이산수학그룹
대전 유성구 엑스포로 55 (우) 34126
IBS Discrete Mathematics Group (DIMAG)
Institute for Basic Science (IBS)
55 Expo-ro Yuseong-gu Daejeon 34126 South Korea
E-mail: dimag@ibs.re.kr, Fax: +82-42-878-9209
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