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Joonkyung Lee (이준경), On graph norms for complex-valued functions

Wednesday, October 21, 2020 @ 4:30 PM - 5:30 PM KST

Room B232, IBS (기초과학연구원)

For any given graph $H$, one may define a natural corresponding functional $\|.\|_H$ for real-valued functions by using homomorphism density. One may also extend this to complex-valued functions, once $H$ is paired with a $2$-edge-colouring $\alpha$ to assign conjugates. We say that $H$ is real-norming (resp. complex-norming) if $\|.\|_H$ (resp. there is $\alpha$ such that $\|.\|_{H,\alpha}$) is a norm on the vector space of real-valued (resp. complex-valued) functions. This generalises Gowers norms, a widely used tool in extremal combinatorics to quantify quasirandomness.

We unify these two seemingly different notions of graph norms in real- and complex-valued settings, by proving that $H$ is complex-norming if and only if it is real-norming. Our proof does not explicitly construct a suitable $2$-edge-colouring $\alpha$ but obtain its existence and uniqueness, which may be of independent interest.

As an application, we give various example graphs that are not norming. In particular, we show that hypercubes are not norming, which answers the only question appeared in Hatami’s pioneering work in the area that remained untouched. This is joint work with Alexander Sidorenko.


Wednesday, October 21, 2020
4:30 PM - 5:30 PM KST
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Room B232
IBS (기초과학연구원)


Tuan Tran
IBS 이산수학그룹 Discrete Mathematics Group
기초과학연구원 수리및계산과학연구단 이산수학그룹
대전 유성구 엑스포로 55 (우) 34126
IBS Discrete Mathematics Group (DIMAG)
Institute for Basic Science (IBS)
55 Expo-ro Yuseong-gu Daejeon 34126 South Korea
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