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DTSTART;TZID=Asia/Seoul:20220125T163000
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SUMMARY:O-joung Kwon (권오정)\, Reduced bandwidth: a qualitative strengthening of twin-width in minor-closed classes (and beyond)
DESCRIPTION:In a reduction sequence of a graph\, vertices are successively identified until the graph has one vertex. At each step\, when identifying $u$ and $v$\, each edge incident to exactly one of $u$ and $v$ is coloured red. Bonnet\, Kim\, Thomassé\, and Watrigant [FOCS 2020] defined the twin-width of a graph $G$ to be the minimum integer $k$ such that there is a reduction sequence of $G$ in which every red graph has maximum degree at most $k$. For any graph parameter $f$\, we define the reduced-$f$ of a graph $G$ to be the minimum integer $k$ such that there is a reduction sequence of $G$ in which every red graph has $f$ at most $k$. Our focus is on graph classes with bounded reduced-bandwidth\, which implies and is stronger than bounded twin-width (reduced-maximum-degree). \nWe show that every proper minor-closed class has bounded reduced-bandwidth\, which is qualitatively stronger than a result of Bonnet et al. for bounded twin-width. In many instances\, we also make quantitative improvements. For example\, all previous upper bounds on the twin-width of planar graphs were at least $2^{1000}$. We show that planar graphs have reduced-bandwidth at most $466$ and twin-width at most $583$; moreover\, the witnessing reduction sequence can be constructed in polynomial time. We show that $d$-powers of graphs in a proper minor-closed class have bounded reduced-bandwidth (irrespective of the degree of the vertices). \nThis is joint work with Édouard bonnet and David Wood.
URL:https://dimag.ibs.re.kr/event/2022-01-25/
LOCATION:Room B232\, IBS (기초과학연구원)
CATEGORIES:Discrete Math Seminar
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