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PRODID:-//Discrete Mathematics Group - ECPv5.4.0//NONSGML v1.0//EN
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X-WR-CALNAME:Discrete Mathematics Group
X-ORIGINAL-URL:https://dimag.ibs.re.kr
X-WR-CALDESC:Events for Discrete Mathematics Group
BEGIN:VTIMEZONE
TZID:Asia/Seoul
BEGIN:STANDARD
TZOFFSETFROM:+0900
TZOFFSETTO:+0900
TZNAME:KST
DTSTART:20200101T000000
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BEGIN:VEVENT
DTSTART;TZID=Asia/Seoul:20201230T100000
DTEND;TZID=Asia/Seoul:20201230T110000
DTSTAMP:20210301T225433
CREATED:20201220T231608Z
LAST-MODIFIED:20201227T000118Z
UID:3389-1609322400-1609326000@dimag.ibs.re.kr
SUMMARY:Paul Seymour\, The Erdős-Hajnal conjecture is true for excluding a five-cycle
DESCRIPTION:In an n-vertex graph\, there must be a clique or stable set of size at least $C\log n$\, and there are graphs where this bound is attained. But if we look at graphs not containing a fixed graph H as an induced subgraph\, the largest clique or stable set is bigger. \nErdős and Hajnal conjectured in 1977 that for every graph H\, there exists c>0 such that every H-free graph has a clique or stable set of size at least $|G|^c$ (“H-free” means not containing H as an induced subgraph\, and |G| means the number of vertices of G). This is still open\, even for some five-vertex graphs H; and the case that has attracted most attention is when H is a cycle of length five. \nIt is true in that case. We will give a sketch of the proof\, which is via applying a lemma about bipartite graphs\, a variant of a theorem of I. Tomon. \nThis lemma has several other applications to the Erdős-Hajnal conjecture. For instance\, it implies that for every cycle C and forest T\, there exists c>0 such that every graph that is both C-free and T’-free (where T’ is the complement of T) has a clique or stable set of size $|G|^c$. (Until now this was open when C has length five and T is a 5-vertex path.) \nJoint work with Maria Chudnovsky\, Alex Scott and Sophie Spirkl.
URL:https://dimag.ibs.re.kr/event/2020-12-30/
LOCATION:Zoom ID: 934 3222 0374 (ibsdimag)
CATEGORIES:Virtual Discrete Math Colloquium
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BEGIN:VEVENT
DTSTART;TZID=Asia/Seoul:20210105T163000
DTEND;TZID=Asia/Seoul:20210105T173000
DTSTAMP:20210301T225433
CREATED:20201126T024545Z
LAST-MODIFIED:20201126T024545Z
UID:3313-1609864200-1609867800@dimag.ibs.re.kr
SUMMARY:O-joung Kwon (권오정)\, Directed tangles and applications
DESCRIPTION:The canonical tree-decomposition theorem\, proved by Robertson and Seymour in their seminal graph minors series\, turns out to be an extremely valuable tool in structural and algorithmic graph theory. In this paper\, we prove the analogous result for digraphs\, the directed tangle tree-decomposition theorem. More precisely\, we introduce directed tangles and provide a directed tree-decomposition of digraphs $G$ that distinguishes all maximal directed tangles in $G$. Furthermore\, for any integer $k$\, we construct a directed tree-decomposition that distinguishes all directed tangles of order $k$\, for any integer $k$. \nBy relaxing the bound slightly\, we can make the previous result algorithmic: for fixed $k$\, we design a polynomial-time algorithm that finds a directed tree-decomposition distinguishing all directed tangles of order $3k$ separated by some separation of order less than $k$. \nWe provide two direct applications of this tangle tree-decomposition theorem. First\, we show that the family of directed odd cycles has the half-integral Erdős-Pósa property\, that is\, there is a function $f:\mathbb{N}\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ such that for every digraph $G$ and every integer $k$\, either $G$ contains a family of $k$ directed odd cycles where every vertex of $G$ is contained at most two cycles\, or a vertex subset of size at most $f(k)$ hitting all directed odd cycles. This extends the half-integral Erdős-Pósa property for undirected odd cycles\, shown by Reed [Mangoes and blueberries. Combinatorica 1999]. \nSecond\, for every fixed $k$ we show that there is a polynomial-time algorithm which\, on input $G$\, and source and sink vertices $(s_1\, t_1)\, \dots\, (s_k\, t_k)$\, either finds a family of paths $P_1\, \dots\, P_k$ such that each $P_i$ links $s_i$ to $t_i$ and every vertex of $G$ is contained in at most two paths\, or determines that there is no set of pairwise vertex-disjoint paths each connecting $s_i$ to $t_i$. This result improves previous results (with “two” replaced by “three”)\, and given known hardness results\, our result is best possible in a sense that we cannot hope for fixed parameter tractability or fully vertex-disjoint directed paths. \nThis is joint work with Archontia C. Giannopoulou\, Ken-ichi Kawarabayashi\, Stephan Kreutzer\, and Qiqin Xie.
URL:https://dimag.ibs.re.kr/event/2021-01-05/
LOCATION:Room B232\, IBS (기초과학연구원)
CATEGORIES:Discrete Math Seminar
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BEGIN:VEVENT
DTSTART;TZID=Asia/Seoul:20210112T163000
DTEND;TZID=Asia/Seoul:20210112T173000
DTSTAMP:20210301T225433
CREATED:20201231T074146Z
LAST-MODIFIED:20210104T060507Z
UID:3431-1610469000-1610472600@dimag.ibs.re.kr
SUMMARY:Andreas Holmsen\, Discrete geometry in convexity spaces
DESCRIPTION:The notion of convexity spaces provides a purely combinatorial framework for certain problems in discrete geometry. In the last ten years\, we have seen some progress on several open problems in the area\, and in this talk\, I will focus on the recent results relating to Tverberg’s theorem and the Alon-Kleitman (p\,q) theorem.
URL:https://dimag.ibs.re.kr/event/2021-01-12/
LOCATION:Room B232\, IBS (기초과학연구원)
CATEGORIES:Discrete Math Seminar
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BEGIN:VEVENT
DTSTART;TZID=Asia/Seoul:20210113T100000
DTEND;TZID=Asia/Seoul:20210113T110000
DTSTAMP:20210301T225433
CREATED:20201126T045239Z
LAST-MODIFIED:20210105T064837Z
UID:3318-1610532000-1610535600@dimag.ibs.re.kr
SUMMARY:Rose McCarty\, Vertex-minors and flooding immersions
DESCRIPTION:An immersion of a graph H into a graph G sends edges of H into edge-disjoint trails of G. We say the immersion is flooding if every edge of G is in one of the trails. Flooding immersions are interesting for Eulerian group-labelled graphs; in this context they behave quite differently from regular immersions. Moreover\, understanding such flooding immersions is a vital step towards understanding the structure of graphs with a forbidden vertex-minor. \nI will focus on explaining the connection to vertex-minors\, and on recent progress in this direction from ongoing joint work with Jim Geelen and Paul Wollan.
URL:https://dimag.ibs.re.kr/event/2021-01-13/
LOCATION:Zoom ID: 934 3222 0374 (ibsdimag)
CATEGORIES:Virtual Discrete Math Colloquium
END:VEVENT
BEGIN:VEVENT
DTSTART;TZID=Asia/Seoul:20210119T163000
DTEND;TZID=Asia/Seoul:20210119T173000
DTSTAMP:20210301T225433
CREATED:20210114T070412Z
LAST-MODIFIED:20210114T070412Z
UID:3498-1611073800-1611077400@dimag.ibs.re.kr
SUMMARY:Ben Lund\, Perfect matchings and derangements on graphs
DESCRIPTION:We show that each perfect matching in a bipartite graph G intersects at least half of the perfect matchings in G. This result has equivalent formulations in terms of the permanent of the adjacency matrix of a graph\, and in terms of derangements and permutations on graphs. We give several related results and open questions. This is joint work with Matija Bucic\, Pat Devlin\, Mo Hendon\, and Dru Horne.
URL:https://dimag.ibs.re.kr/event/2021-01-19/
LOCATION:Room B232\, IBS (기초과학연구원)
CATEGORIES:Discrete Math Seminar
END:VEVENT
BEGIN:VEVENT
DTSTART;TZID=Asia/Seoul:20210120T163000
DTEND;TZID=Asia/Seoul:20210120T173000
DTSTAMP:20210301T225433
CREATED:20201211T084524Z
LAST-MODIFIED:20201214T114359Z
UID:3358-1611160200-1611163800@dimag.ibs.re.kr
SUMMARY:Yusuke Kobayashi (小林 佑輔)\, An FPT Algorithm for Minimum Additive Spanner Problem
DESCRIPTION:For a positive integer t and a graph G\, an additive t-spanner of G is a spanning subgraph in which the distance between every pair of vertices is at most the original distance plus t. Minimum Additive t-Spanner Problem is to find an additive t-spanner with the minimum number of edges in a given graph\, which is known to be NP-hard. Since we need to care about global properties of graphs when we deal with additive t-spanners\, Minimum Additive t-Spanner Problem is hard to handle\, and hence only few results are known for it. In this talk\, we study Minimum Additive t-Spanner Problem from the viewpoint of parameterized complexity. We formulate a parameterized version of the problem in which the number of removed edges is regarded as a parameter\, and give a fixed-parameter algorithm for it. We also extend our result to (α\,β)-spanners.
URL:https://dimag.ibs.re.kr/event/2021-01-20/
LOCATION:Zoom ID: 934 3222 0374 (ibsdimag)
CATEGORIES:Virtual Discrete Math Colloquium
END:VEVENT
BEGIN:VEVENT
DTSTART;TZID=Asia/Seoul:20210126T043000
DTEND;TZID=Asia/Seoul:20210126T173000
DTSTAMP:20210301T225433
CREATED:20210125T042312Z
LAST-MODIFIED:20210125T042312Z
UID:3545-1611635400-1611682200@dimag.ibs.re.kr
SUMMARY:Tuan Tran\, Minimum saturated families of sets
DESCRIPTION:A family $\mathcal F$ of subsets of [n] is called s-saturated if it contains no s pairwise disjoint sets\, and moreover\, no set can be added to $\mathcal F$ while preserving this property. More than 40 years ago\, Erdős and Kleitman conjectured that an s-saturated family of subsets of [n] has size at least $(1 – 2^{-(s-1)})2^n$. It is a simple exercise to show that every s-saturated family has size at least $2^{n-1}$\, but\, as was mentioned by Frankl and Tokushige\, even obtaining a slightly better bound of $(1/2 + \varepsilon)2^n$\, for some fixed $\varepsilon > 0$\, seems difficult. We prove such a result\, showing that every s-saturated family of subsets of [n] has size at least $(1 – 1/s)2^n$. In this talk\, I will present two short proofs. This is joint work with M. Bucic\, S. Letzter and B. Sudakov.
URL:https://dimag.ibs.re.kr/event/2021-01-26/
LOCATION:Room B232\, IBS (기초과학연구원)
CATEGORIES:Discrete Math Seminar
END:VEVENT
BEGIN:VEVENT
DTSTART;TZID=Asia/Seoul:20210127T100000
DTEND;TZID=Asia/Seoul:20210127T110000
DTSTAMP:20210301T225433
CREATED:20210114T124234Z
LAST-MODIFIED:20210114T124234Z
UID:3500-1611741600-1611745200@dimag.ibs.re.kr
SUMMARY:Dong Yeap Kang (강동엽)\, A proof of the Erdős-Faber-Lovász conjecture
DESCRIPTION:A hypergraph is linear if every pair of two distinct edges shares at most one vertex. A longstanding conjecture by Erdős\, Faber\, and Lovász in 1972\, states that the chromatic index of any linear hypergraph on $n$ vertices is at most $n$. \nIn this talk\, I will present the ideas to prove the conjecture for all large $n$. This is joint work with Tom Kelly\, Daniela Kühn\, Abhishek Methuku\, and Deryk Osthus.
URL:https://dimag.ibs.re.kr/event/2021-01-27/
LOCATION:Zoom ID: 934 3222 0374 (ibsdimag)
CATEGORIES:Virtual Discrete Math Colloquium
END:VEVENT
BEGIN:VEVENT
DTSTART;TZID=Asia/Seoul:20210203T163000
DTEND;TZID=Asia/Seoul:20210203T173000
DTSTAMP:20210301T225433
CREATED:20201106T054235Z
LAST-MODIFIED:20210115T011803Z
UID:3241-1612369800-1612373400@dimag.ibs.re.kr
SUMMARY:Ron Aharoni\, Colorful KKM and multiple cakes division
DESCRIPTION:In the “cake partition” problem n players have each a list of preferred parts for any partition of the [0\,1] interval (“cake”) into n sub-intervals. Woodall\, Stromquist and Gale proved independently that under mild conditions on the list of preferences (like continuity) there is always a partition and assignment of parts to the players\, in which every player gets a piece belonging to her list of preferred parts. In fact\, Gale proved a colorful version of the famous KKM theorem\, not realizing that this is the same problem\, but on the other hand\, proved the problem its proper setting. I will discuss the case of partitioning more than one cake – how many players can you make happy\, when there is a general number of cakes\, and general number of players. \nJoint work with Eli Berger\, Joseph Briggs\, Erel Segal-Halevi and Shira Zerbib.
URL:https://dimag.ibs.re.kr/event/2021-02-03/
LOCATION:Zoom ID: 934 3222 0374 (ibsdimag)
CATEGORIES:Virtual Discrete Math Colloquium
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